Research Publications

The Potential of Ultrasound Technology and Chemotherapy Carriers in Breast Cancer Treatment

Ghaleb Husseini, Yassmine Abbas, Nahid Awad, American University of Sharjah
May 31, 2018

In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), breast cancer is the leading cause of death among women. Chemotherapy drugs are widely used to treat breast cancer cases in the UAE. However, chemotherapy drugs are not able to differentiate between the cancerous and healthy tissues. This leads to the well-known unwanted side effects of this treatment including hair loss, fatigue, nausea and weak immune system. This paper argues for the potential effectiveness of delivering chemotherapy drugs to tumors in protective barriers (drug encapsulation in a nano-carrier) that isolate the drug from healthy tissues. When injected into the bloodstream, these nanocarriers can diffuse into the tumor and ultrasonic waves can then be administered at the tumor site in order to release the chemotherapy drug from its capsule. This will restrict the drug to the physical location of the cancerous cells. This policy paper offers a number of recommendations related to furthering cancer research in the UAE and Gulf region for the benefit of citizens, residents and those impacted by breast cancer around the world.

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